Professors Against Plagiarism

استادان علیه تقلب

مبارزه با تخلف و تقلب علمی در دانشگاه‌ها

این بلاگ به همت تعدادی از استادان دانشگاه‌های کشور ایجاد شده و هدف آن مبارزه با تخلف یا تقلب علمی در دانشگاه است

مقدمه

به‌نام خداوند هستی و هم راستی

این بلاگ به همت تعدادی از استادان دانشگاه‌های کشور ایجاد شده است و هدف آن مبارزه با تخلف و تقلب علمی در دانشگاه‌ها چه از سوی دانش‌جویان و چه از سوی اعضای هیات علمی است. متاسفانه ما شاهد گسترش حرکت‌های غیر اخلاقی در فضای علمی کشور هستیم که با انگیزه‌هایی چون اخذ مدرک، پذیرش یا ارتقای مرتبه‌ی دانشگاهی صورت می‌گیرتد.

ما با هرگونه تقلب مخالفیم و سکوت در برابر آن‌را هم جایز نمی‌دانیم. در این بلاگ قصد داریم برخی موارد و روش‌های تقلب‌ را بیان و ضمن آموزش به دانش‌جویان و تلاش برای اشاعه‌ی اخلاق و آداب حرفه‌ای در جمع خودمان‌، مسولان را وادار کنیم تا به مشکل تقلب و ریشه‌های آن واکنش جدی نشان دهند.

۲۱ مرداد ۱۳۸۷

استادان یا پژوهشگران حامی

حمایت

اگر می‌خواهید نامتان به‌عنوان یکی از حامیان ذکر شود، نام کامل و آدرس وبگاه خود را به آدرس ghodsi_AT_sharif_DOT_edu ارسال نمایید و در صورت تغییر گروه حامی ما را مطلع کنید..

تعداد زیادی آدرس بلاگ خود را فرستاده‌اند که متاسفانه امکان استفاده از آن به‌جای وبگاه نیست.

بایگانی مطالب

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  • ۲ شهریور ۹۶، ۰۸:۵۸ - ماکادا
    عالی

We need to do more

Nader Naghshineh | جمعه, ۲۹ آذر ۱۳۸۷


Dear Colleagues

Almost 150 days has passed since the launch of this weblog. To borrow a phrase from Charles Dickens It had been the best of times; it had been the worst of times. Have we been prepared for such an outpour of frustration, grievance and dissatisfaction? Some of us have been more vocal, while others believed in silent support.

We cannot however dodge the real issue here. The issue is that what we are concerned about right now had not been wrought overnight. It had been the culmination of almost 3 decades of mismanagement that would no doubt could have led to the Romanization of Science. Romania in 1989 was experiencing the same episode in its science and technology under Elena Ceausescu, the wife of the last Romanian Despot, as we are experiencing right now. People who barely can write their names in English and yet claim to have earned PhD from Oxford, McDonaldization of higher education in form of Islamic Azad University Outlets, and the total non-investment of assets for the student population. I remember the first time I enrolled at Sharif University of Technology. I was being paid 3000000 rials a month in today’s monetary value, I had access to various libraries and bookshops., enjoyed social standing as a student. We were also taught a course in understanding and communication of sci-tech information which also dealt with the protocols regarding citations and plagiarism issues.

Today our students do not receive any of the benefits. In their drive to assuage their sense of management inadequacies, the powers-that-be at the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology have plunged us all into a mindless number game. While one should applaud every effort made to honor Iranian men and women of science and arts, what would be the use of the bean counting when there is no clear system of innovation. In a recent study conducted in University of Tehran, it was demonstrated that while the ratio of ISI-ranked articles to patent to was close to 1:1 in the United States and Japan, it was somewhere around 180:1 . The ratio of students to instructors at some institutions is quite hilarious. At our department, it is somewhere around 30:1?!

Then with the rising inflation and shrinking purchasing power, a typical university instructor also needs to jump through the hoops to prove that his/her wage is well earned. With this situation it would be a miracle if nothing gives. So should we be surprised about the spate of plagiarism, self-promotion and empty-packing among the academia and the students? One of the reasons I embraced Professors against plagiarism was the fact that I witnessed how a professor sequestered the work of her student as her own and that I saw how easily some people are willing to toy with the future of a promising student without any hesitation.

The surprising fact is that in spite all these, the Professors against Plagiarism does launch and receives attention against such backdrop. But where should we go from here? Given the amount of news and tidbits I receive from various people disclosing varying degrees of plagiarism and academic misconduct, I believe that the best course of the action is to provide a set of protocols and procedures for the Iranian academic institutions. Better if we call them guidelines. We need to define what sort of the role we wish to play in our drive to sensitize the public to the blight of plagiarism and what I call politically motivated academication. Perhaps we should consider an annual review awarding the Iranian academic institutions with golden raspberries or Pear commensurate with their degree of of anti-plagiarism regulation.

I have been in contact with several publication ethics group abroad to license their materials for distribution in Iran. I have also been taking to parties interested in sponsoring a symposium on academic ethics. I have talked with several colleagues who have agreed to incorporate grounding on publication ethics in their courses. But more than most, we need to make universities to adopt a universal approach to plagiarism within the framework of a more rational peer acknowledgement process.

With best regards
Nader Naghshineh
Information Studies Lab
University of Tehran


موافقین ۰ مخالفین ۰ ۸۷/۰۹/۲۹
Nader Naghshineh

نظرات (۸)

"حال آنکه برای تدریس نمی توان دانشجوی دکترا را زور کرد که یک کاری بکن که تدریس من بهتر شود! ولی تحقیق را می تواند فرد دیگری انجام دهد و من فقط سود آنرا ببرم"

اتفاقا این امر هم در یکی از همان سه چهار دانشگاه برتر ایران شایع است
به این صورت که استاد برای پاس کردن "ادامه پروژه" دانشجوی دکتری, اورا مجبور می کند که به جای استاد مربوطه در کلاس درس تدریس کند
اساتید مورد نظر فکر همه جایش را کرده اند!
آقای دکتر جلیلی
با مطالبی که نوشته اید در تمام موارد موافقم جز بحث اینکه وظیفه استاد و دانشجوی تکمیلی کدام است. همانگونه که قبلا هم عرض کرده ام معنای پژوهش در کشوری مثل آمریکا با معنای آن در کشور عزیزمان کمی متفاوت است. در آمریکا استاد پروژه تحقیقاتی از شرکت های تجاری یا سازمانهای دولتی می گیرد و موضوعی که منبع تامین اعتبار به استاد می دهد همان موضوعهایی است که ترانزکشن های ای تریپل ای می پذیرند و بقول معروف در لبه تیز تکنولوژی قرار دارد. در ازای پروژه هایی که او از صنعت می گیرد می تواند دانشجوی تکمیلی بگیرد و پول به آنها بدهد. حساب و کتاب پروزه هم تا یک دلار آخر مشخص است. اگر دانشجو نگیرد این گونه نیست که پول باقی مانده توی جیب استاد برود. استادی هست که در گروه تحقیقاتی خود 40 دانشجوی دکتری دارد. فلوی آی تریپل ای هم هست و نزدیک به 400 مقاله ژورنال دارد. اگر ساعت 2 صبح به آزمایشگاه او بروید در حال سروکله زدن با دانشجوها است. حالا نتایج کار را دانشجویان دکتری می نویسند و استاد هم آنها را هدایت می کند. وظیفه استاد این نیست که مثل "صاحب کار" به دانشجو سفارش مقاله دهد بلکه به همراه دانشجویان گزارشهای تحقیقاتی تدوین می شوند که الویت اول دارند و از این گزارشها مقالات هم منتج می گردند. تولید مقاله هدف این گروههای تحقیقاتی نیست بلکه انجام تحقیق مورد نیاز صنعت هدف است. در ایران کمی متفاوت است. صنایع عموما نیازی ندارند به تحقیقاتی که در لبه تیز تکنولوژی هستند و اگر کمک دانشگاه را می خواهند نتایج کارقابل انتشار نیست. مقاله نوشتن هدف شده است نه به عنوان یکی از نتایج تحقیق. نقش بعضی از استادها هم این شده که به دانشجوی تکمیلی می گوید که اگر می خواهی فارغ التحصیل شوی باید مقاله "تولید" کنی و وقتی تولید کردی اسم من رو هم توش می نویسی و تحویل می دهی. قبلا حداقل ارزش گذاری اساتید برای نحوه تدریس آنها در کلاس بود و اینکه چه تیپ مهندسی از زیر دست آنها بیرون می آید. هنوز هم اگر می بینیم فارغ التحصیلان لیسانس سه چهار تا دانشگاه ایران در دانشگاههایی مثل استانفورد می درخشند به خاطر آن نسلی از استادان ما هستند که تدریس واقعی را مبنای کار قرار داده اند. برخلاف این می بینیم که تاثیر تدریس خوب در فرم های ارتقا چقدر ناچیز هست و اساتید که قادر به تدریس درست و حسابی نیستند به مرحمت چند مقاله دانشجو نوشته ارتقا می گیرند. حال آنکه برای تدریس نمی توان دانشجوی دکترا را زور کرد که یک کاری بکن که تدریس من بهتر شود! ولی تحقیق را می تواند فرد دیگری انجام دهد و من فقط سود آنرا ببرم
Oh, I forgot to say:

Yesterday I was informed that two colleagues, who have recently taken high-ranking governmental positions, have also M.Sc. and Ph.D. students. I laughed to them and strongly suggested our students to forget about them, as long as they hold their posts. Either they want to serve their country as administrators, or in the university. With taking both, they are destroying BOTH. So they are guilty.

I don't like to say their actions is unethical. I stress that they are guilty.
Dear Dr. Naghshineh,

Your recent post awakened me after almost four months of silence in this fascinating weblog. After launching this weblog, I tried to explain to our colleagues some of their erroneous actions, rules and laws. Unfortunately, I was alone and nobody, even a single colleague in our department, was interested in listening to what we brought up on this blog. Even in one case, that the plagiarism of one of our PhD students had been detected, the guilty person tried to convince others about the validity of his results and paper! I am sorry to say, but even in our academia, people are blind, weak and passive. A faculty member that had not written even a single paper during his PhD and three years after, and while his first paper was written by his students, is now being selected as the distinguished researcher!

A faculty member who has not time to read even a paper, because he is an administrator, authors 5 papers per year and nobody asks what was your contribution to those papers? I am sorry to say, but I don't believe in having a leading role or these delusions that some faculties have been created to justify their wrong actions. Either a faculty member have carried out some parts of the calculations of a paper, or not. In the first case he can be an author and in the latter case NO. Unfortunately, most of the faculty members that are presenting themselves as scientists, are supported by the papers and ideas of their students.

When I realized that almost ALL of our fellow colleagues are of this kind, I stopped to write.

YES, a faculty member that has a second administrative position (in the university, government, ministry of sciences, etc.) is no longer a scientist. S/he tarnishes the reputation of other scientists who dedicate their life to exact sciences. When somebody becomes an administrator, s/he must stop claiming that s/he is in academia. After leaving the post, s/he can then try and recover his/her scientific reputation only by working more and writing his/her own works.

I apologize all those colleagues whose papers are mostly written by their students, but I don't recognize them as scientists. If somebody tells me that this happens in the west, I would say, they are also businessmen. They have mistaken academia and supermarket. They are just merchants.
۰۱ دی ۸۷ ، ۱۵:۳۹ Undstructured Observations
I think it is a good idea to take this movement a step further. We have built enough momentum now. I think.

I did not find the argument about Azad university that far from reality but I also think that public universities are not that much different.

I did a Masters degree in Tehran University's Management School and I have my share of embarrassing stories to tell. I think it would be fair to mention that.

-Ali Shams.
PhD Student, Heinz College, Carnegie Mellon University
If I don't understand you correctly I'm sorry for my misunderstanding. Anyway despite You will find lots of "Prof. Masoud Molavi" there but also there lots of students whom are really willing to learn but they will lose their motivation during their school time.
In response to rezar:

I did not intend to justify any mistakes. In fact in another study conducted here at Tehran University there had been indeed a number of assistant professors in government sponsored universities that had been Azad University Alumni. However, my only mention of Azad University was referring more to the way it expands than to its student corps. In fact, IRANDOC which has a very strict monitoring protocol when recruiting personnel, has a number of Azad University Units within its list of preferred institution.

As I mentioned earlier, my post did not justify anything. Rather it delineated the problem. In a sense when you put to much undue pressure it is just human to cut corners. As I mentioned earlier...something has to give.

I believe that you misunderstood my post. My mention of Azad University delineated its closest business model.
Dear Dr.
"Then with the rising inflation and shrinking purchasing power, a typical university instructor also needs to jump through the hoops to prove that his/her wage is well earned."
You are from the elite part of the society please don't use these stereo-types to justify your colleagues mistakes.
Second thing I would like to mention is since you try to separate yourselves and your efforts from Azad Uni, this story will continue. I got my Bachelor from there, of course with lots of problem. Now I have e chance to continue my education somewhere good at least better than there. There are lots of talented students die there in a jungle of bureaucracy, help them to grow rather than accuse them. Make some work shop for them, teach them plagiarism is not fun. I am sure when you start there you will see lots of motivation. But please try it.

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